Extreme heat results in more deaths annually than most other weather-related hazards.  In extreme heat, evaporation is slowed and the human body must work harder to maintain a normal temperature.  Extreme heat can occur quickly and not provide any warning, especially in older adults and children.  

Before Extreme Heat

  • Find places where you can go to get cool.
  • Keep your home cool by doing the following:
    • Cover windows with drapes or shades.
    • Weather-strip doors and windows.
    • Use window reflectors, such as aluminum foil-covered cardboard, to reflect heat back outside.
    • Add insulation to keep the heat out.
    • Use attic fans to clear hot air.
    • Install window air conditioners and insulate around them.
  • Learn to recognize the signs of heat-related illness.

During Extreme Heat

  • Never leave a child, adult, or animal alone inside a vehicle on a warm day.
  • Find places with air conditioning. Libraries, shopping malls, and community centers can provide a cool place to take a break from the heat.
  • If you’re outside, find shade.
  • Wear a hat wide enough to protect your face and loose, light-colored clothing
  • Drink plenty of fluids to stay hydrated. 
  • Do not use electric fans when the temperature outside is more than 95 degrees, as this could increase the risk of heat-related illness. Fans create air flow and a false sense of comfort, but do not reduce body temperature.
  • Avoid high-energy activities.
  • Check yourself, family members, and neighbors for signs of heat-related illness.

National Weather Service Heat Safety Tips and Resources

National Weather Service Dangers of Heat Information